The strength of an organization’s dedication to safe operation can be seen in its nuclear safety culture. Nuclear safety is the responsibility of every nation that utilizes nuclear technology. Therefore, the design of a reactor is developed according to industry standards. As under the Convention and the third principle of the Fundamental Safety Principles, Article 6 of the Directive emphasises that the licence-holder has primary responsibility for the nuclear safety of a nuclear installation. National Research Council. A prerequisite for the use of nuclear energy is ensuring the safety of the environment during both normal operation and emergencies. These industry standards are … ALARA stands for “as low as reasonably achievable”. Safety Principle 9 Emergency Preparedness and Response •Arrangements must be made for emergency preparedness and response in case of nuclear or radiation incidents. However, the report’s contents are described in a paper by a WANO staff member (Brumfield, 2012). Nuclear power plants are very robust. - Nuclear safety principles: defense in depth, quality assurance - Classification and description of nuclear accidents: design basis accidents, severe accidents - Consequences of nuclear accidents - Nuclear safety analysis adn criteria - Nuclear safety research The risks from western nuclear power plants, in terms of the consequences of an accident or terrorist attack, are minimal compared with other commonly accepted risks. Safety of Nuclear Power Reactors. To do this, you can use three basic protective measures in radiation safety: time, distance, and shielding. •Ensure that arrangements are in place for an effective response at the scene, and as appropriate, at the local, regional, national and international levels. The guiding principle of radiation safety is “ALARA”. It is a serious topic not only in nuclear power plants, but also in industry or in medical centres.According to the IAEA, radiation protection can be divided into three groups: occupational radiation protection, which is the protection of workers in situations where their exposure is … Principles for a Strong Nuclear Safety Culture defines nuclear safety culture as an organization’s values and behaviors—modeled by its leaders and internalized by its members—that serve to make nuclear safety the overriding priority. This principle means that even if it is a small dose, if receiving that dose has no direct benefit, you should try to avoid it. According to these principles, safety is ensured by so-called defence in depth and multiple arrangements. Reactor Safety Safety of a reactor is of prime concern to its owner for several reasons: to ensure the safety of the public, the reactor operators, and the investment itself. Article 6 also provides that such responsibility cannot be delegated. 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